Buddhist Mountain Monasteries in Korea
Layout of Buseoksa Temple
Buseoksa, located at 148, Bukji-ri, Buseok-myeon, Yeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do Province, contains 25 buildings and a single hermitage. It’s a temple founded by Uisang with the aim to spread the Flower Garland Sect, and the doctrines and sutra are well-represented by the architecture and spatial composition. The basic framework for the temple site was completed in the generation of Sillim, following Uisang. Buseoksa is considered an exceptional masterpiece of Korean architecture because of the excellence displayed in the arrangement of the main halls and shrines, structural composition of Muryangsujeon and topographical interpretation in relation to the doctrines. It is especially praised for the outstanding use of the topographical features as well as the spectacle of the overlapping scenery of Anyangnu and Muryangsujeon. At Buseoksa, Muryangsujeon and Josadang, which are wooden buildings dating from the Goryeo Dynasty, are celebrated for their structural aesthetics, and it also contains a number of national treasures and regular treasures.